Subject and verb agreement is a fundamental grammatical rule that ensures that sentences are coherent and grammatically correct. This rule dictates that the subject and verb in a sentence should agree in number and person. For instance, if the subject is singular, the verb should also be singular. On the other hand, if the subject is plural, the verb should also be plural. In this article, we’ll delve deeper into the subject and verb agreement rules that you need to keep in mind.

Singular vs. Plural Subjects:

The first thing to keep in mind when it comes to subject-verb agreement is whether the subject is singular or plural. If the subject is singular, then the verb should be singular as well. For example:

– The dog barks at strangers.

In this sentence, the subject ‘dog’ is singular, and the verb ‘barks’ is also singular. Now let’s take a look at an example with a plural subject:

– The dogs bark at strangers.

In this sentence, the subject ‘dogs’ is plural, so the verb ‘bark’ is also plural.

Compound Subjects:

Compound subjects refer to sentences where there are two or more subjects connected by the conjunctions ‘and’ or ‘or.’ When dealing with compound subjects, you need to remember to use a plural verb. For example:

– My brother and I are going to the park.

In this sentence, the compound subject is ‘my brother and I,’ so the verb ‘are’ is plural. Another example:

– Either John or his brothers are going to the party.

In this sentence, the compound subject is ‘John or his brothers,’ so the verb ‘are’ is plural.

Collective Nouns:

When it comes to collective nouns, subject-verb agreement can be a bit tricky. Collective nouns refer to groups of people or things, such as ‘family,’ ‘team,’ or ‘committee.’ In most cases, these nouns are treated as singular, so you should use a singular verb. However, if the members of the group are acting individually, then you should use a plural verb. Consider the following examples:

– The family is going on vacation.

In this sentence, the collective noun ‘family’ is singular, so the verb ‘is’ is also singular.

– The team are practicing for the football game.

In this sentence, the members of the team are acting individually, so the verb ‘are’ is plural.

In conclusion, subject-verb agreement is an essential grammatical rule that you need to keep in mind when writing or editing content. By following the above rules, you can ensure that your sentences are grammatically correct and coherent. Remember to always check for agreement between your subject and verb, especially in compound and collective noun situations.